Vocabulary

Vocabulary

 

    Should you help your child learn new vocabulary words? YES!! Vocabulary is a crucial part of reading comprehension. The more vocabulary words your child knows and understands, the more likely he is to comprehend what he reads.  Also, a student’s vocabulary growth is directly linked to her overall school achievement. As your child learns new words, she has access to more information that helps in understanding the world around her.

     Vocabulary is also an important part of your child’s reading grade as he gets older. In kindergarten, we introduce and teach vocabulary words, but we do not test on them. In first –fifth grade, your child will be tested on vocabulary, and some of the very same words we teach in kindergarten will be retaught and tested on reading tests!  Go ahead and start practicing these words with your child now!

     How can you help your child learn new vocabulary words?

  • Your child needs to hear a word several times before starting to use it. Go over the meaning of new words with your child, use them in a few sentences, and look for opportunities to use the word in context during the week it is being studied- and keep using the word later! Try to relate new words to your child’s personal experiences. For example, for the word tradition in Unit 4, explain some of your family traditions for Christmas, Thanksgiving, Easter, etc.

  • Using gestures, facial expressions, and actions make words more understandable. It is okay to be silly or dramatic to make learning more real!

These are your child’s vocabulary words for our reading series this year. We have about five words for each week, and there are three weeks in each unit. Happy learning!

 

Unit 1: Friend: Someone you like to spend time with

          Problem:  Something that is hard to figure out

          Escape:  Get out and away from someplace

          Grasped: Hold something very tightly

          Rescue: If you rescued someone, you helped them get away from danger.

 

          Adventure: Something new and exciting to do.

          Movement: The way something goes from place to place.

          Arrived: When you have arrived, you have come to a place.

Exciting: When you do something exciting, you do something that is fun and makes you feel good.

Exhausted:  Very sleepy or tired.

 

Explore: Carefully look at new information or places.

Feast: A big meal eaten at a party or festival.

Finished: When you have finished something, you have ended it.

Kneads: When a person kneads something, he or she mixes it and presses it together using his or her hands.

Senses: There are five senses: seeing, hearing, smelling, touching, and tasting.

 

Unit 2

 

Tools: Things that help people do work or help people learn.

Discover: Learn something new.

Defeated: When you have defeated someone in a game, you have won the game.

Fetch: When you fetch something, you go after it and bring it back.

Rumble:  Long, low sound like thunder.

 

Decoration:  Something added to give color or shape to an object.

Games: Fun activities with rules that people play.

Materials: Things needed to make something or do an activity.

Nature: The animals, plants, and life around us.

World: The world is the planet Earth.

 

Attaches: When something attaches itself to something else, the two things join together.

Curious: If you are curious, you want to learn more about something.

Observe: Closely watch something or someone else.

Process: When something goes through a process, it changes as it follows a set of steps.

Slender: Slim and narrow.

 

Unit 3

 

Cooperate: Working with others toward a goal.

Guard: When you guard something, you watch over it and keep it safe.

Prank: When you play a prank, you do something to fool people.

Responsible: Responsible people do what they are supposed to do.

Rules: Something that tells you what you can or can’t do, such as the rules of a game

 

Volume: How loud or soft a sound is

Chat: Talk about something in a friendly way

Exclaimed: Spoke suddenly in surprise, anger, or excitement

Familiar: Something that you know well is familiar to you

Neighborhood: A part of town

Intelligent: Very smart

Local: A local place is in your town or community

Volunteer: Offer to do a job without getting paid

Routine: The way you do things all the time

 

Unit 4:

Equipment: Special tools that someone uses to do a job.

Uniform: Special clothing that workers wear on their jobs

Utensils: Tools we use to cook or eat something

Expect: If you think something will happen, you expect it.

Remained: Something that remained in place stayed there.

 

Culture: A culture includes the language, holidays, and special foods shared by a group of people.

Appreciate: Respect or value something or someone

Prefer: To like something more than something else

Proud: To feel proud means to feel good about yourself or something you have done.

Tradition: A belief or habit that is repeated in a family

 

Community: A group of people who work, play, or live together

Improve: Make something better

Confused: To be confused is to be mixed up.

Harvest: During a harvest, farmers pick the food they have grown.

Quarrel: Argue or disagree with someone else

Unit 5:

Crowd: When you crowd something, you push it into a small space.

Harmful: Something that can hurt you is harmful.

Plant: A plant has roots, stems, and leaves and grows in the ground

Require: If you require something, you need it

Soak: To take in

 

Amazing: Surprising and wonderful

Content: Feel happy and satisfied

Develop: To grow

Enormous: Very large

Imagine: See something in your mind

 

Beneath: If you are beneath something, you are under it.

Delicious: Tastes very good

Fresh: Food that is fresh has just been grown or made.

Raise: Take care of something or someone to make sure it grows

Special: Different in a good way

 

Unit 6:

Active: An active person is someone who is busy and moves around a lot.

Migrate: Means to move from one place to another, usually to a place that is warmer or colder.

Seasons: Four parts of the year- spring, summer, winter, and fall

Spot: Notice or find something

Weather: What is happening outside, such as rain, snow, or hot or cold air

 

Clever: Smart

Drought: A long period of time with no rain

Predict: To guess what will happen in the future

Storm: During a storm, there strong winds, heavy rain, or snow

Temperature: Tells how hot or cold it is outside

 

Celebration: A special activity in honor of a person or event

Enough: All that is needed

Notice: See something clearly

Prepare: Get ready for something

Safe: Not in danger

 

Unit 7:

Appearance: The way something looks

Behavior: The way a person or animal acts

Exercise: Use an action to improve your body

Plenty: Enough or a large amount of something

Wander: Move around with no specific place to go

 

Compared: Find out how thinks are alike and how they are different

Depend: When you depend on someone, you trust that person

Responsibility: Something you are supposed to do

Social: If you are social, you like being around people a lot

Train: Teach a person or an animal how to do something

Complain: When you complain, you say that you are upset about something

Habitat: The place where an animal lives and grows

Join: When you join someone, you and the other person do something together

Stubborn: Refuse to change your mind about something

Wild: A wild animal lives in nature and is not cared for by people.

 

Unit 8:

Fierce: Very strong

Journey: A long trip

Transportation: The way we move from one place to another

Vehicle: An object used to move things or people from place to place

Wide: Big from one side to the other

 

Careful: Pay close attention to what you are doing or saying

Connect: Put things together

Country: An area of land and people who are ruled by one government

Purpose: The reason something is made or used

Travel: Move from one place to another

 

Challenge: Something that calls for hard work and a lot of effort

Distance: How far one object is from another object

Recognize: To know you have seen something before

Space: The huge area beyond the sky, where all the stars and planets are

Surface: The very top layer

 

Unit 9:

Accomplish: Complete or carry out something

Chores: Jobs you do to help at home

Contribute: Give something or help someone

Member: Someone who belongs to a group of people, such as a team, club, family, or church

Organize: Put things in neat, tidy order

 

Citizen: A person who is part of a community

Hauled: Pulled or dragged something heavy with a lot of effort

Necessary: If something is necessary, it needs to happen or has to be done

Respect: To respect someone is to treat others as you would like to be treated

Tidy: If something is tidy, it is clean and in order

 

Create: Make something

Designs: Patterns or shapes that decorate things such as clothes, plates, and paper

Knowledge: What you know about a topic from understanding or study

Natural resources: Things in nature that we can use

Weave: Lace together many strands of yarn into cloth, a blanket, or a rug

 

Unit 10:

Decide: Make a choice between two or more things

Grateful: Thankful for something that was done or for something that made a person happy

Marvel: Admire something with surprise and amazement

Opinion: What a person thinks about something

Ragged: Torn or worn out

 

Endless: Goes on forever

Experiment: Try something out to see how it works

Perfect: When something is perfect, it is as good as it can possibly be, and there is nothing wrong with it

Similar: Alike in some way

Sort: Place things in groups with other things that are the same in some way

 

Encourage: Give help and advice

Environment: Everything around us: people, plants, animals, air, water, and soil. Our environment gives us what we need to stay alive.

Protect: Keep something safe

Recycle: Take something old and turn it into something new

Wisely: Use what you know to make good decisions